4 Types of Construction

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Construction is a broad field that covers processes that deliver infrastructure, buildings, and industrial facilities. It starts with the planning, financing, and design stages and continues until an asset is complete and ready for use. It also includes maintenance work, repairs, and any improvements or expansions. In some cases, construction can even end in demolition.

Classifying construction projects

Classifying construction projects into different categories can help clarify the type of work required. The different categories can be based on the function of the building, the owner, and the type of materials and equipment required. Depending on the project type, specific contracts, materials, and specifications must be followed. Not following regulations or codes can cause a project to be delayed or rejected by a building inspector.

A construction project is a long-term, complex, and dynamic entity. Therefore, assessing its quality can be challenging. To better understand its characteristics, actors in the construction industry need systematic and versatile data to guide their operations. This paper aims to identify typical project characteristics using cluster analysis. It considers a total of 831 construction projects.

While the construction project documentation is generally unclassified, construction companies must have appropriate security clearances to work on classified facilities. They must also secure and store the documents appropriately.

Mechanized construction

The mechanization process involves the shift from working largely by hand to using machinery to complete construction tasks. This change in construction methods is necessary as construction projects have become increasingly complex. Traditional construction methods, such as hand labor, can lead to delays that can prove costly and time-consuming. On the other hand, mechanized construction uses machinery to complete construction tasks with high productivity. It helps maintain a high output level and on-time completion, which is a major concern for construction companies.

Mechanized construction has several advantages, including saving labor costs, increasing the speed of a construction project, and improving quality. While most construction methods can be utilized using machines, bridge construction is particularly challenging for mechanized construction. Because bridges have long spans and heavy loads, new construction machines are designed to handle these challenges. They must also be able to handle any obstructions in the way.

Despite these advantages, there are still several risks associated with mechanized construction. Heavy machinery contains moving parts that can release energy, which is highly dangerous. For this reason, workers near moving machinery should be especially vigilant and aware of potential hazards. Machinery with rotating shafts or sharp edges is particularly dangerous as equipment that can eject objects.

Residential construction

Residential construction is creating a home or building for a living space. This includes single-family homes, multi-family buildings, apartment buildings, condominiums, and manufactured homes. It involves a wide variety of construction methods and requires certain skills and expertise. To start residential construction, you should be interested in architecture, civil engineering, or engineering.

First, you should choose a suitable site. A qualified engineer will be able to help you in selecting the best location for the building. Different types of buildings have different site requirements. A suitable site should be located in a well-developed area or one with great potential for development. It should also have good transport connections and be close to civic services.

Next, you should check different residential construction options’ costs per square foot. You can obtain this information from a realtor. A real estate agent knows what homes are selling for in a specific area, giving you an idea of what you can expect for your home. However, home prices do not necessarily reflect construction costs per square foot. You should also watch out for contractors who quote inflated costs for residential construction, as they may be cutting corners in order to increase their profit margin.

Institutional construction

The construction process for institutional buildings requires the expertise of construction professionals. These buildings typically serve a specific purpose and need to abide by stricter public safety regulations. Proper planning and budgeting are essential to a successful construction project. In addition, a well-defined timeline will help the construction process move along smoothly.

During the design and construction process, the team considers all aspects, from fire protection to accessibility to aesthetics. The team also considers the impact of the project on the surrounding community. For example, a new construction project for a college or university should consider the campus community’s needs. In addition to addressing these needs, institutional construction requires careful consideration of the budget, construction methods, and materials.

Institutional construction is a significant segment of the construction industry. These buildings include many important community facilities.