Behavior and mood expert Rocio Moustafa provides professional insight into key differences between types of bipolar disorder.
Having written previously on the topic of bipolar disorder more generally, including symptoms, treatment options, and more, Rocio Moustafa offers a closer professional look at the key differences between bipolar I disorder, and bipolar II disorder.
“Both bipolar or bipolar I disorder, and so-called bipolar II disorder represent forms of mental illness,” explains Moustafa, a Los Angeles behavioral expert specializing in mood, cognition, and perception, “wherein which patients cycle between extremely high and extremely low moods over time.”
Typically, however, only those diagnosed with bipolar I disorder reach the highest of high or ‘up’ moods, also known as ‘full-blown mania,’ according to the California-based expert. “In bipolar II patients, the less-intense elevated moods witnessed are known as hypomanic episodes, or simply hypomania,” she explains.
Signs and symptoms of both bipolar I and bipolar II disorders include jumping rapidly from one idea to the next, experiencing exaggerated self-confidence, overly loud or what’s known as ‘pressured’ speech, hyperactivity, and a reduced need for sleep.
Those diagnosed with bipolar II disorder are more likely to encounter episodes of depression. This is the source of the term or name ‘manic depressive disorder,’ another, more informal way of describing bipolar II disorder.
“In between episodes,” Moustafa goes on to explain, “sufferers of bipolar II disorder often live normal lives.”
Yet individuals diagnosed, she says, with bipolar I disorder, and who experience full manic episodes, may require periods of supportive care, including hospitalization.
“Bipolar I disorder patients, in particular, often require inpatient psychiatric care, especially if illicit drugs and alcohol are involved,” reveals Moustafa. Here, individual suffering from bipolar I disorder and experiencing full manic symptoms can be controlled via mood stabilizers, she further explains, and antipsychotic drugs for rapid tranquilization where self-harm or harm to others is a risk.
Forms of medication utilized in the management and treatment of bipolar II disorder in the United States include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and a range of associated drugs. “Commonly referred to as SSRIs, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are employed to ease symptoms of anxiety or depressed mood in those suffering from bipolar II disorder,” Moustafa explains, wrapping up, “yet they are not suitable for bipolar I disorder patients, as they can trigger psychotic episodes in these individuals.”
Rocio Moustafa, from Los Angeles, California, is a behavioral expert focused on bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and passive-dependent personality disorder. Rocio also specializes in sleep conditions, gambling addiction, malingering, and extreme or debilitating fears and phobias, as well as further health and wellness complaints tied to cognition, perception, and mood.